What is genome?

“A genome is an organism’s entire single set of DNA which have all the information need for an organism to grow”. The genome consists of all the genes in each cell. Remember each and every cell of our body has a same genomic composition, except germ cells. Genes are organized on chromosome during the metaphase stage

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Sex determination

How sex determination varies from species to species? “A biological process by which the sex of an individual is decided under the influence of genetic or environmental factor”. Sex determination is a complex biological process in nature. Different species have a different type of sex determination mechanism. Male produces male gametes and female produces female

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Story of Chromosome

History Chromosomes were first observed by Wilhelm Hofmeister, in 1848. Later on in the year, 1883 Wilhem roux speculated chromosomes as a carrier of genetic information. Structure How DNA is arranged on the chromosome is a complex process. Let’s start with the DNA itself. DNA is a double-stranded molecule and helical in shape. Imagine a

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